The term anatomy is derived from the greek words meaning “to cat apart”
Because in anatomical studies the human body or its parts are dissected (cut up) to be axamined.

Definition of anatomy:
Anatomy is the study of the structure of the body parts and their relationships to one another
Subdivisions of anatomy:
Anatomy is a broad field with many subdivision

Gross macroscopic of anatomy:
gross or macroscopic anatomy is the large body structures visible to the naked eye.
Such as the heart. lungs and kidneys.

Regional anatomy:
regional anatomy is the study of all the structures (muscles. bores. blood  vessels. nerves etc) in a particular region of the body. Such as the abdomen or leg. are examined at the same time.

Systemic anatomy:
systemic anatomy is the study of the structure of the body system by system.
For example. when studying the   cardiovascular system. you would examine the heart and the blood vessels of the entire body

Surface anatomy:
surface anatomy is the study of the internal structures as relates to the overlying skin surface.

Radiographic anatomy:
radiographic anatomy  is the study of the internal structures as visualized by x-ray images or specialized scanning procedures.

The language of anatomy:
In order to achieve uniformity of description a set of terms are used to describe anatomy that have precise meaning. Use of these terms assumes the body in the anatomical position

Anatomical position:
anatomical position is a standard body position in which the palms facing forwards and the feet only slightly apart. 


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